Cosmetic Dentistry
The success of a perfect smile design is possible with the most appropriate material chosen to prepare tooth.
Both material and method used are very important for a successful and long-term outcome in aesthetic dentistry. Wafer-thin shells mostly made of porcelain are called laminate veneers, which are attached to the visible parts of our teeth that appears when we smile in the form of a nail. It is the name of the method, not the product. It is a method that is applied in the case when you do not have a large decay on your teeth or previous veneer. Thereby, your smile can change by making about 1-1.5 mm of abrasion from your teeth. The main advantage of laminate veneers is being resistant to stains.
In cases of excessive loss of material and large decay, full veneers are performed so that they would cover the entire tooth. Zirconium, empress or metal ceramic products are used in the production of full veneers. As of their nature, the laminate veneers are prepared one by one, they can not be made as a bridge. We can not use laminate veneers for solving missing tooth problem. Zirconium which is a much more resistant material is used in these situations in which there is missing tooth and also aesthetics is at the forefront. Zirconium has been widely used in dentistry as it is a tissue-friendly alternative to conventional porcelains with metal support. As with other materials, the use of zirconium is increasingly becoming widespread day by day, due to the fact that zirconium does not reflect any color under the porcelain, or cause any coloring on gingiva, or corrode.
In which cases laminate veneers are used?

Using laminate veneers is an excellent treatment option to be applied when the whitening procedure of front teeth is useless or the teeth are heavily over colored. Moreover, it is a good option in such cases: the spaces between teeth cause disturbance or aesthetics is impaired due to fracture or abrasion or uneven teeth wanted to be corrected.
What are the types of Laminate veneer?

Generally two types of materials are used in the production of laminate veneers. Composite or porcelain. In both methods, the teeth are prepared by a technician in the laboratory environment. Porcelain is fragile itself, but after it is attached to the tooth it is very resistant and long lasting. Porcelain laminate veneers are more aesthetic and has superior characteristics against staining compared to composites. Because of these properties, porcelain laminate veneers are preferred more commonly.
Is it obligatory to have laminate veneer applied to the lower teeth after applying it to the upper teeth?

If it is considered necessary for the smile design during the planning phase, laminate veneers are also applied to the lower teeth. However, in most cases the whitening process already applied to the lower teeth is sufficient.
Do the foods containing colorants affect the color of porcelain laminate veneers?

Porcelain laminate veneers do not get colored. If there is a coloring in your teeth, then it can reflect it. That's why, laminate veneers usually are not applied to the colored teeth after a canal treatment.
To whom laminate veneers are not applied?

People who have the habit of grinding or clenching teeth unintentionally, people with habits such as nail-biting, pen-biting should avoid to have laminate veneers due to risks like falling or breaking.
Do laminate veneers fall?

Today, the adhesives used to fix laminate veneers are very strong. If you have laminate veneers fixed well as they should be, you can use them like your own teeth. The chance of falling is very low.
What are the advantages of zirconium compared to metal based crowns?

In metal-based crowns, there is always a reflection of dark color underneath, and since it is not light transparent, a matt and artificial appearance is inevitable. Zirconium crowns are 15-20% more aesthetic compared to metal porcelain crowns. Zirconium is particularly preferable by people tending to have metal allergies because of its tissue-friendly properties.
Will zirconium porcelains cause to any grayness on gingiva?

The blackness seen in the gingiva with metal-supported crowns is not the case for zirconium crowns. If the gingiva is recessed, the appearance will not disturb the person, even if the edge of crown is exposed.
Are zirconium crowns expensive?

At the beginning, though the cost of zirconium is little more expensive compared to metal-based porcelains, its tissue compatibility, durability and being superior aesthetically makes this cost unseen.
Does color change occur in zirconium crowns?

Zirconium porcelains do not cause plaque build-up due to their polished and smooth surfaces. For this reason, they are not affected by the colorants such as coffee, tea, cigarettes and do not undergo color change.
How much abrasion of teeth is required while applying zirconium crown?

The amount of abrasion from the teeth is more than laminate veneers, but same with the metal-supported porcelain veneers. This treatment can be performed by making abrasion up to 2 mm from the tooth surface depending on the need.
How many days does it take to apply zirconium porcelain?

The treatment is completed within 7-10 days at latest, after tooth cutting is done. Perfect attunement of crown and gingiva depends on a healthy gingiva.